Transport and Trade Industry Specialists

At Capital Accounting we’re all about building lasting relationships. We specialize in bookkeeping and accounting services for companies and individuals in the transport and trade industries, and recognize the unique needs of our clients in these areas of business. Our team monitors day to day operations offering advice specially designed to help you improve your business.

Your RRSP contribution – Should you use it this year or carry it forward.

February 20, 2017

 

Carrying your RRSP deduction forward rather than using it in a particular tax year can provide you with even more income tax savings in the long run.

 

There are three basic situations where you would be better off carrying all or some of your potential RRSP deduction forward instead of using it all;

  1. When you don’t have the income to justify using the deduction.

There may be years when you have a low income. You may be a student or experience a business loss. Or perhaps you move from full-time to part-time work or lose a job part-way through the year.

Whatever the reason, there’s not much point in using your RRSP deduction to bring down your income level if you don’t have much income in the first place.

  1. When you know or suspect that you are going to make significantly more money the next year.

The key to using this strategy effectively is to know what increase in income is “significant” – and the answer to that question is that significant income is an increase in income that moves your income to a higher tax bracket, because the higher the tax bracket, the more income tax you pay. For 2017;

 

If you make $0-$45,916, you will be taxed 15% on it

If you make $45,916-$91,831, you will be taxed 20.5% on it

If you make $91,831-$142,353, you will be taxed 26% on it

If you make $142,353-$202,800, you will be taxed 29% on it

If you make above $202,800, you will be taxed 33% on it

(Keep in mind that these are the federal tax rates; each province/territory adds their own tax to federal tax.)

So the most effective way to use your RRSP deduction is to use it to lower your tax bracket, so you’re reducing the percentage of tax you have to pay on your income.

For instance, suppose that in 2017 you purchased an RRSP for $12,000. That same year, your income was $48,000. Looking at the tax on different tax brackets, this would be a good year to use your RRSP tax deduction because $48,000 puts you into a “higher” tax bracket.

But you shouldn’t use all of it in this case, but should claim only $2084 of your $12,000 RRSP contribution ($48,000 minus $45,916) – just enough to reduce your income to the next lowest tax bracket, moving you from a 20.5% tax rate down to 15%. The rest you should carry forward, building up your RRSP deduction room for the next time you need to use it.

Now be aware that this example is simplified. To actually use this system to maximize your RRSP deduction, you have to take into account the provincial tax rates as well to know how much income tax you’re truly paying on your income, as the income tax rates in Alberta, for example, are very different than those in Ontario.

 

  1. When you are approaching age 65 and worried that your GIS

(Guaranteed Income Supplement) benefit payments may be clawed back.

If you are nearing age 65 and think you may be eligible for Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) payments, you might want to put off claiming your RRSP deductions for several years and let them build up so you can claim them all at once when you’re 65.

RRSP deductions reduce your net income for tax purposes, so doing this could drop your income back down to within the GIS income level required to avoid having your GIS benefits clawed back.

Because the GIS is designed as an income supplement for people with low incomes, you are only allowed to earn $3,500 in net employment income (other than Old Age Security (OAS) and GIS payments) before GIS payments start to get clawed back – at a rate of 50 cents on the dollar.

So by “bundling” your RRSP contributions and claiming them all at once, you might be able to avoid the clawback for that year.

Taking Care of Your Books So You Can Take Care of Your Business

 

Our goal is to provide you with the confidence and peace of mind that comes from knowing that your accounting and tax needs are taken care of. We handle a variety of Accounting, Tax and Bookkeeping services so you can focus on managing and growing your business.